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Representation of Insured and Insurer

Adopted: January 18, 1991

Opinion rules that a lawyer for the insured and the insurer may not enter voluntary dismissal of the insured's counterclaim without the insured's consent


Attorney A is retained by an insurance carrier to defend the named insured on a claim arising out of an automobile accident. The insurance carrier, the defendant or both wish to file a counterclaim on behalf of the defendant because liability is questionable on both sides. Attorney A explains to the defendant that a conflict of interest could arise if Attorney A represents the defendant on his counterclaim and the defendant signs an agreement authorizing Attorney A to file a voluntary dismissal with prejudice of the counterclaim in the event the insurance carrier decides to settle the plaintiff's claim before or during trial. Just before or during trial the insurance carrier and Attorney A decide to settle and the defendant changes his mind and wishes to proceed on his counterclaim, withdrawing his consent to have his counterclaim dismissed with prejudice. The plaintiff will not settle unless the defendant dismisses his counterclaim with prejudice.

Can Attorney A proceed to voluntarily dismiss the defendant's counterclaim with prejudice or should he seek to withdraw as counsel, based upon the conflict of interest? If the court refuses to allow Attorney A to withdraw just before or during trial, how should Attorney A proceed?


Attorney A may not dismiss the defendant's counterclaim with prejudice if authority to do so has been revoked. Rules 7.1(a)(1),(2) and (3) and 7.1 (c)(1). Attorney A should seek to withdraw from the representation of both the insured and insurer under the circumstances because of the conflict of interest engendered by his clients' competing desires in regard to the counterclaim. Rule 5.1(b). If the court refuses to grant permission to withdraw, Attorney A would be obligated to zealously defend the case on behalf of the insured and the insurer and to zealously prosecute the insured's counterclaim. Rule 7.1(a)(1) and (2).

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